The Danish Committees on Scientific Dishonesty
What is scientific dishonesty (research misconduct)?
Scientific dishonesty (research misconduct) is defined by the Danish Parliament as: Falsification, Fabrication, Plagiarism and other serious violations of good scientific practice committed wilfully or gross negligent in planning, performing, or reporting of research results.
Responsibility / mission of DCSD
DCSD investigates allegations on research misconduct which are of significance for Danish research.
Investigations start upon acceptance of a complaint.
DCSD contributes to strengthen the credibility of Danish research and to prevent scientific dishonesty. DCSD has previously published a set of guidelines for good scientific practice. DSCD decided at the Committees anual meeting on 27 January 2015 that the guidelines will no longer be updated due to the new Danish Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.
The previous guidelines from DCSD on good scientific practice from 2009 kan still be accessed as a historical document.
The Scope and Jurisdiction of DCSD.
The scope and jurisdiction of DCSD is determined in the following regulations:
- Act on the Research Advisory System, etc
- DCSD’s executive order
- DCSD's Rules of Procedure
Organisation of DCSD
DCSD consists of three committees covering all areas of research.
- Committee on Scientific Dishonesty for Health and Medical Sciences (USF).
- Committee on Scientific Dishonesty for Natural, Technological and Production Sciences (UNTPF).
- Committee on Scientific Dishonesty for Cultural and Social Sciences (UKSF).
Each of the three committees consists of a chairman and six members. The members are recognized scientists who are appointed by the Danish Minister for Science, Innovation and Higher Education after consultation with the Council for Independent Research. The Chairman, common for all the committees, is a high court judge and appointed by the Minister.
The Chairman distributes the cases for consideration to the three committees.
Procedures for investigations
For DCSD to begin an investigation of an allegation of research misconduct, the matter must fall within the mandate of DCSD as defined in the relevant regulations. In particular, the following conditions must be met:
- The allegation must relate to a scientific product, for example a scientific paper, a Ph.D. thesis or similar.
- The case must be of importance to Danish research.
- The case must concern "scientific dishonesty". Questions about scientific disagreements or the quality of research is outside the mandate of the DCSD.
- The respondent must be scientifically trained within the field of the scientific product in question.
When a case falls within the mandate of DCSD and is accepted for investigation DCSD will initiate a consultation of the parties (complainant and respondent) according to the following procedure:
- The respondent receives a copy of the complaint, and the respondent is requested to submit a response within an appropriate time frame.
- A copy of the respondent’s comments is sent to the complainant and the complainant is requested to submit a response within an appropriate time frame.
- A copy of the complainant’s comments is sent to the respondent and the respondent is requested to submit a response within an appropriate time frame.
- A copy of the respondent’s comments is sent to the complainant for information.
DCSD may during the investigation request further information from the parties. DCSD can also set up special committees ad hoc to analyze specific aspects of the case, and DCSD may ask external experts for specific advice.
The procedure for the preparation of a case and decision can be found in the rules of procedure.
DCSD's decisions are sent directly to the parties in the case. Decisions are also made available in anonymous form on this web page.
DCSD publishes annual reports.