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Teachers and Education Staff

Qualifications requirements for teachers from pre-school to higher education

Early childhood teachers (social educators)

Training of social educators (pedagogues) for nurseries, kindergartens and the pre-school class is provided by University Colleges. A professional bachelor’s degree is awarded after 3 ½ years of study (210 ECTS) including practical training amounting to 1 year and 3 months.

Primary and lower secondary school teachers

Training of teachers for the Folkeskole is provided by University Colleges. A professional bachelor’s degree is awarded after 4 years of study (240 ECTS credits) including teaching practice at a school for a total of 30 ECTS credits.

General upper secondary school teachers

In order to obtain permanent appointment, teachers in general upper secondary education are required to have a Master's degree, normally in two subjects (major and minor) and to have completed a 1-year (60 ECTS) supplementary course which includes further studies in the minor of the two university subjects, educational theory and in-service teaching practice.

Teaching specialised subjects in the HHX and HTX programmes is possible without holding a master's degree if the teacher has completed at least 3½ years of higher education at an engineering college, a business school or a university followed by professionally qualifying employment and/or further education. In each subject, the HHX/HTX teacher must have a professional level at least corresponding to 90 ECTS credits of university education.

Vocational education and training (VET) teachers

Teachers who are to teach general subjects must have a level of education which as a minimum is comparable to a Folkeskole teaching qualification or a bachelor's degree.

Teachers who are to teach specialised subjects must have completed a VET programme in the relevant vocational field and normally hold further education in the same field, such as a short-cycle higher education technician's qualification. Furthermore, they must have a minimum of 5 years of relevant work experience.

All VET teachers are required to have at least 2 years of relevant work experience. If they have not already taken a teacher training course, they must also complete a special pædagogikum course for vocational college teachers. This is a sandwich-type course of a duration corresponding to 18 weeks of full-time studies: 14 weeks of theory and 4 weeks of practice.

In addition, they must have (or acquire within 3 years of employment) qualifications at vocational upper secondary level including two subjects at the highest level from among the subject areas Danish, foreign languages, natural sciences, social sciences, business economics, marketing and information technology.

Higher education teachers

Teachers in higher education institutions are required to have a degree which as a minimum is equivalent to the level at which they are to teach. In addition, they must hold qualifications for teaching the subjects in question, which for example may be earned through research work, professional experience or foreign study periods.

Teachers at a college of education, i.e. the teacher training part of a University College, may have three different kinds of qualifications:

  1. A university degree (Master's level) in humanities or in natural sciences subjects
  2. An academic degree (Master's level) from the former Royal Danish School of Educational Studies/The Danish University of Education
  3. A Folkeskole teacher qualification supplemented with in-service training (mostly in non-academic subjects such as textile design, wood/metalwork, etc.)


last modified May 19, 2022