Level 8

This page describes the learning outcomes that are expected of a learner who successfully completes a qualification at level 8. An example of qualifications at this level is given below.

Learning outcomes


  • Must have knowledge at the highest international level within the field of research.

  • Must have made a significant contribution to the development of new knowledge and understanding in the field of research and on the basis of scientific studies.


  • Must master the scientific theories, methods and tools as well as other skills connected with research and development within the area.

  • Must be able to analyse, evaluate and develop new ideas, including designing and developing new techniques and skills in the field of study.

  • Must be able to participate in international discussions in the field of study and to disseminate research results and progress to a wider public.


  • Must be able to organise and conduct research and development tasks in complex and unpredictable contexts.

  • Must be able to independently initiate and enter into national and international cooperation on research and development with scientific integrity.

  • Must be able independently to initiate research and development projects and through this generate new knowledge and new skills that develop the field of research.

European level

This level corresponds to level 8 of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF).

Courses leading to Level 8

Qualifications at level 8


PhD degree


The degree documents that a person has obtained a qualification as PhD on the basis of a PhD programme. The PhD programme is graduate training that qualifies the PhD student at international level to independently conduct research, development and teaching assignments in the private and the public sectors where broad knowledge of research is a precondition.

Employment and further education

The degree leads to research and development work in the private and public sectors.

How is the degree obtained?

The degree is obtained by completing a PhD programme at a university or other research institution.

Admission: Admission to the PhD programme is based on a competed Master’s programme from the point of view of level.

Who can award the degree?

The degree is awarded by the universities


See also:

last modified Mar 12, 2015